Italy is considered the classical country of small business. Total in Italy there are about 3,5 million. small and medium-sized enterprises, which employs some 13 million. man, or almost 79 percent. of the workforce, most of which are in based email addresses of individuals and companies in Italy. They produce 52 percent. GDP of the country. Including the craft firms, each of which are occupied only two or three employees, account for more than 18 percent. Italian exports.
There are among these small entrepreneurs drummers labor. In the list of the most successful leaders of the company, turnover for the year which amounts to several tens of millions of, and some even exceeded one hundred million dollars. In this list database of email addresses of Italy, includes not only trade companies in Italy, but publishers, and companies of Italy, producing industrial production, such as spare parts for motorcycles, trucks and tractors, to database of email addresses of individuals in Italy.
Experience Italy, in the postwar years, one of the poorest countries in Europe, proves: creating conditions for the development of small and medium businesses – is the path, which could lead to a modern economy, and even more to raise it from the ruins. And as if in passing help to solve this burning problem, as rising unemployment.
Among the smaller belongs absolutely dominant mass registered firms: of about 4 million only 2% appear larger (large enterprises are in Italy with more than 500 employees). The vast majority of small firms relates to Italy (to 100 employed) and micro (to 20). In this case, according to statistics micro account for about 60 % all of email database of companies in Italy, and they account for about 40 % sales.
Specificity database of email addresses of small business in Italy is, that most of the production of small and medium-sized enterprises operating in Italy under the original territorial and institutional collections, dubbed industrial (industrial) counties. By definition, the Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), "Industrial district - is a socio-economic unit on the local territorial basis, which communicates a number of medium and small enterprises, cooperate with each other to participate in the same production process ". In this and all other definitions invariably focus on two closely related characteristics of the industrial district:
and) both spatial and local organizational and economic structure;
to) as a process of social and cultural interaction (community people) and production and technical factors, that just tells districts dynamism and vitality.
The term "industrial (industrial) district "," caught "in Italian, and then the world's economic geography. Industrial District appears as clusters (or, as they say, constellation, hrozdy,Cluster) small and medium-sized enterprises around or in the village or small town, in the river valley or along the transport route or the sea coast. Number of enterprises in the "cluster" can range from a few dozen to many hundreds or even thousands. In the whole country property in the system clusters are about 60 thousand. manufacturing facilities in Italy-based email. If you add to them and service industries, then the territory of clusters counted up to 0.8-1 million enterprises, or almost a quarter of the available country.
Efficiency of industrial districts Spring, nominated industrial districts to the forefront of the economy and economic theory - their ability to significantly improve the efficiency of small businesses. According to traditional notions, small businesses fill those niches and cell market, who for one reason or another are left unoccupied large firms, or serve the interests of large companies. Therefore, the "merit" Small businesses usually only saw the creation of jobs at local levels, in filling the local market of simple consumer goods and in promoting the giants in their expansion. Due to industrial clusters situation changes significantly: resources of small production units cooperate, and it allows small "industrial clusters of" play an independent role in the economy and successfully enter the international market. Today, small and medium-sized enterprises Italy exported more 40% its products. In the early '90s to the firm employing less 500 accounted for more than half the country's exports, and 1/4 - Enterprises with fewer than 100. Many small factories do not just sell their products abroad, but enters into a relationship of long-term economic cooperation with foreign partners. And this is a sign of the ability to foreign economic expansion and at the same time quite a high technical level (especially if we bear in mind, that the majority of the production of Italian small businesses absorbed most industrialized countries). In this way, industrial clusters enable small and medium enterprises database of email addresses of Italy act on an equal footing with larger companies.